It is not possible to trace the exact roots of the Jelly Bean.
The process known as panning was created in 17th century France and was used to make Jordan Almonds. Panning was done primarily by hand is now automatic, but the process has remained essentially unchanged during the past 3 centuries. The panning process gave birth to shell coating and now, large rotating pans are used to do the heavy work. It is the Master Confectioners that work on the art of mixing and adding the ingredients to create the perfect shell.
Somehow, these procedures reached the factories in America. The Jelly Beans began production there and soon earned a spot among the numerous glass’penny candy’ jars that were on display in the candy stores. Generally shops, the Jelly Beans were sold by weight and given to the buyers placed in paper bags. The Jelly Beans had an egg-like form and in the 1930s, they became part of the Easter tradition. They had been associated with the Easter Bunny was believed to deliver eggs on Easter as a sign of new life and the start of spring.
Manufacturing a Jelly Bean begins with the making of its own center. To do this, ingredients such as sugar and corn syrup among others are placed in large boilers that are heated to cook the mixture. The heated mixture is then passed through pipes and travels into the starch casting region. At this point, there are many trays containing impressions of the size and shape of the middle of the jellybean which are layered with cornstarch by machines. The mix is then squirted out on the trays and dried overnight. The next day, the cornstarch layer is removed and the beans are conducted through a moisture steam bath and are sprayed with sugar. The beans are then set aside for 24 to 48 hours.
What sets the jellybean apart from other candies is its special shell coating. This is achieved by the panning procedure. The beans are poured into a rotating drum which is known as the’engrossing pan’. While the center of the drum rotates, sugar is gradually added to build up the shell. Then, different colors and flavors are added to the mixture to provide the jellybean its signature taste and appearance. The shiny look is because of the inclusion of Confectioner’s Glaze that’s a procedure that may take 2 to 4 days. After the beans are’polished’, they’re packed and prepared for shipping to candy stores around the world.
There have been two types of jellybeans since 1976. These are the conventional and the gourmet jellybeans. Even though both types require 6 to 10 days to create, the difference is in their recipes which gives each their distinctive qualities. The conventional jelly bean generally retains its flavor just in the shells. They also are smaller and thicker compared to the traditional jellybeans.