From the early 1900s, a man named Frank Fleer attempted to think of the perfect bubble gum recipe for his candy company. He experimented with a lot of gum recipes to find it. His first bubble gum turned out to be too sticky and his recipes were not sold.
In 1928, Walter Diemer managed to detect that the bubble gum recipe by accident. He had been experimenting with different gum recipes when he stumbled upon a mixture that started to form bubbles. He took this discovery and introduced it to a grocery store to try it out. All the gum was sold in one day.
Walter Diemer brought his invention to the Fleer Company and was appointed and promoted as”Dubble Bubble” gum. To help market the gum and help people understand, Diemer educated the anglers how to blow bubbles using the gum. The salesmen in turn taught the people who bought the gum. It was a huge success and for several years the Dubble Bubble gum was the only bubble gum on the market.
The Topps Candy Company started manufacturing bubble gum at the end of World War II. The company introduced the renowned Bazooka Bubble Gum. As an added gimmick, the gum had”Bazooka Joe” comic strips onto the gum wrapper which led to its popularity. Additionally as incentives for children, the Topps Company comprised gum into the Bazooka Joe baseball cards in 1953.
Each kind and brand of bubble gum, can it be bubble or chewing gum, has its own special formula. But generally, these measures are followed in creating gum. The ingredients are placed in large steam-jacketed kettles in which they are cooked at high temperatures until melted and be as thick as maple syrup. While maintaining the high temperature, the syrup is passed through mesh screen filters. Following this, the hot liquid mix is poured into a machine that has slow turning blades. It’s here that sugar, flavoring and corn syrup are added into the mix. In making sugarless gum, sweeteners such as sorbitol, xylitol, or mannitol substitute the sugar.
Following this step, the sweetened liquid moves to a cooler in which the temperature is dropped to slightly solidify the gum and is ready for the extruder machine. The extruder machine will maneuver the gum to attain a certain texture. When set, the mix is passed through a roller in which the gum is flattened. The thinnest sheets are made into stick gum whereas the thicker sheets are made into candy-coated gum. The stick gum then goes through high powered machines in which it is wrapped, packaged and sent to different candy shops around the world.
The candy-coated gum though needs to go through more work. The thick sheets are cut into pellets and then sprinkled with powdered sugar. The sprinkled pellets are then set aside and allowed to set for 48 hours. When set, these pellets go into big revolving machines that coat them with candy until they reach the desired coat thickness. Then they go through high powered machines where they are wrapped, packaged and shipped to the different candy stores.
At the present day, blowing bubbles has become a tradition that families and friends have where they pass on the joy of blowing bubbles with bubble gum.